The Northanger Novels

Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey is, in part, a satirization of the excesses and clichés of Gothic fiction. (The novel was written in 1798-1799, but wasn't published until 1817, after the Gothic wave had crested.)

Although Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho is the most-mentioned Gothic work in Northanger Abbey, Austen refers to a handful of others: Radcliffe's The Italian, Eliza Parson's The Castle of Wolfenbach (1793) and Mysterious Warnings (1796), Regina Maria Roche's Clermont (1798), Eleanor Sleath's The Orphan of the Rhine (1796), Peter Teuthold's Necromancer of the Black Forest (1794) click to buy this book at, Francis Lathom's Midnight Bell (1798), and Peter Will's Horrid Mysteries (1796). These last 7 titles are often referred to as "the Northanger novels" or "the Northanger septet."

For quite some time it was erroneously believed that Austen had simply invented many of these titles; all are in fact real works, and most have been recently re-published.

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"The Northanger Novels."